What is scuba diving? Here’s one “right” answer:
It is the immersion of a body in the marine environment either with or without special equipment. But now let’s draw some clear distinctions and clarify the basics.
We can generally define diving as any activity in the water where we have no need to breathe air from any external medium: that is, submerging yourself with a mask and a tube would be enough, and we would define that as freediving. But if you are breathing air from the surface with some sort of hose connected to your body or with autonomous bottles, we would call that scuba diving.
Colloquially, the word “diving” is used for any of these definitions, and we will follow suit herein. Any diving activity must be taught by qualified personnel: this is an extreme sport.
But for us, diving means:
The perfect combination of sun, water, passion, emotion, beaches, peace, boats, gear, camaraderie, safety, adrenaline, marine life, festiveness, and much more that you will discover little by little.
What types of diving are there?
With light gear like a mask, a tube, weights, a wetsuit and fins, you can immerse yourself as long as your body can withstand it with a single intake of air. There are many typess of competition in freediving. The world depth record in freediving is held by Miguel Lozano, who went down 122 meters 2014 in the free immersion category.
It is very important to know that whenever you do freediving, it must never be after diving with tanks. These types of immersion are incompatible and can cause grave illness.
Do you want to dive deeper than 40 meters and for a longer time? Or mix different gases? By making use of more complex systems and gear like dry suits for enduring higher temperatures at greater depths, bringing along recyclers of the air we breathe, strapping on as many dive tanks as your body can carry, breathing gases like helium or hydrogen in addition to normal air, exploring caves, ships, or the deepest reaches of the ocean, we can descend to truly staggering depths, like the world record of September 18, 2014, when the combat diver of the Egyptian army Ahmed Gabr set the world record of 332.5 meters.
Technical diving requires decompression stops, as well as advanced and exacting preparation that is available only to qualified personnel.
With light gear, and adding heavy gear. With the use of a buoyancy control device (or BCD), compressed air tanks, regulators for breathing and an information system to measure depths, air load, temperature, direction with compasses, etc. Also, a diving computer.
The maximum recommended depth is about 30 meters, and the maximum allowed is 40 meters under SSI and Padi rules. You must always use normal air to breathe, which is pressure-injected in a diving tank, and composed of oxygen and nitrogen. You must never exceed the number of minutes allowed under the rules and tables, and never make decompression stops. Entering caves or shipwrecks is completely prohibited.
Recreational diving offers many professional opportunities, such as employment as a course instructor, in the maintenance of aquariums or fish factories, submarine photography or video recording, marine biology and others.
After diving with tanks, NEVER do freediving until at least 12 hours have gone by. Doing this can cause serious health problems.
This type of diving encompasses all the possible jobs in the marine environment, and extensive learning over time is required, as it involves high risk. It also requires the use of much more complex and technical gear, communication systems, equipment, gas mixes, chambers, heavy tools, and advanced knowledge of the work to be performed.
You must take an air supply from the surface, with a connection or umbilical cord, or autonomous tanks, or a combination of the two. It is hard work that will challenge you to bring out the best in yourself, so get your training from professionals.
Now you have seen different types of diving. If you have any questions about a term, feel free ask us, no strings attached. We are here to help and educate people about this incredible sport.
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